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Turtle Care Basics PDF Print E-mail

International Center for Veterinary Services 北京新天地国际动物医院

Turtle Care Basics for Pet Owners

                        龟的护理基础知识

1.Size of tank:

水箱大小:

a.Turtle should occupy less than ¼ of the tank’s horizontal space

龟应占不到水箱的四分之一的面积

2.Water Depth - 3x the length of the turtle (measured from head to tail)

水深:龟大小的3倍(从头部到尾部测量的长度)

3.Water and environmental temperature:

水和环境温度:23-27°C75-80°F

4.Island – should have an area where turtle can dock outside of water (flat stone, etc.)

海岛(孤立区)-应该有一个区域,龟可以在水外的码头(平石等)

5.Adding new water: Add small amounts of water at appropriate temperature添加新水:加入少量的水在适当的温度

- 23-27°C (75-80°F-23-2775-80

6.Calcium and Vitamins钙和维生素:

a.Vitamin D supplement – use long-term until adult, 2x each week

维生素D的补充-使用长期直到成年,每星期2次。

b.3-4x each week, sprinkle on food

每周3-4次,洒在食物中

I Calcium

                

ii Vitamin D

               维生素D

iiiShould be low-phosphorous or non-phosphorous

               应该是低磷或无磷

7.UVA-UVB Light Bulb (full spectrum):

UVA-UVB灯管(全光谱)

a. Position 10-12 inches (25-30 cms) away from turtle for 10-12 hours per day

灯管的位置应离龟10-12英寸(25-30厘米)高,每天10-12小时

b. Do not shine through glass or plastic (plexi-glass) as UV rays will be blocked

不要使UV灯穿过玻璃或塑料(有机玻璃),这样紫外线光会被遮挡住

c. Replace light bulb after six-months

六个月后要更换一次灯管

8. Diet:

饮食

a. Vegetables – beet greens, green outer leaves of cabbage, Chinese cabbage, collard greens, kohl rabi, endive, kale, watercress, bok choy, spinach, etc.

蔬菜甜菜,绿色外叶白菜,中国白菜,羽衣甘球茎甘蓝苣,甘,豆瓣菜,白菜,菠菜等

b. Majority of diet should be whole foods: earthworms, slugs, feeder fish, crickets, waxworms, superworms

主要的饮食应该是天然健康的食品:蚯蚓、蛞蝓、馈线鱼,蟋蟀、蜡虫、毛毛虫。

9. Salmonella:

沙门氏菌:

a. Turtles, reptiles, lizards may carry salmonella

乌龟,爬行动物,蜥蜴可能携带沙门氏菌

b. Practice good hand hygiene (washing hands thoroughly) after touching and handling

接触和处理后,养成良好的手部卫生(彻底洗手)

c. Keep away from small children (may put in mouth, touch eyes/lips after handing) and immune-compromised individuals

远离小孩(接触后可从口、眼睛/嘴唇感染)和免疫能力较差的人

©2014 International Center for Veterinary Services. All rights reserved.

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2014-1-22

 

 

 

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